Frequently Asked Questions

About Hypochlorous Acid

What is hypochlorous solution?

Our hypochlorous solution is a mixture containing hypochlorous acid (scientific formula: HOCl) and water. Hypochlorous acid is a highly specialized molecule that is, under normal conditions, manufactured by the white blood cells in the human body, and which is responsible for our immunity. It is also very important in regulating the body’s inflammation process and plays a central role in wound healing. We have developed a unique process to manufacture hypochlorous acid outside of the human body. Our proprietary process does not use the usual method of electrolyzing salt water solution, as is commonly applied by others.

The result of our method is a high-concentration solution without contaminants.

What is Free Available Chlorine? 

Free Available Chlorine (FAC) is chlorine that is present in the form of hypochlorous acid, bleach chlorine or as dissolved chlorine gas.  It is ‘free’ in the sense that it has not yet reacted with anything and ‘available’ in the sense that it can and will react if needed. Of these three FAC molecules, hypochlorous acid is by far the most important germ killer. It is also the only completely non-toxic molecule of the three FAC’s.

Does hypochlorous acid leave any toxic residue after use, as is commonly the case with other disinfectants?

Hypochlorous acid does not leave any toxic residue behind after its use.

Is hypochlorous acid an oxidant?

Hypochlorous acid is not an oxidant. It has oxidant properties, but those are matched by its equal reduction qualities. When a molecule has both of these qualities, its called an oxidation/reduction molecule (also called a redox molecule). This quality is measurable and is expressed in millivolts. It is mostly because of its oxidation/reduction quality that Hypochlorous acid is able to kill germs.

 

About other disinfectants

What is sodium hypochlorite?

Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO, or commonly known as bleach) is a chlorine compound most commonly used as a disinfectant. However as methods are developed to manufacture hypochlorous acid outside of the human body, hypochlorous acid will eventually be the only molecule used to disinfect wounds, surfaces, water systems, air spaces and anywhere else that suffers from germ infestation. This is due to the fact that hypochlorous acid is 100 times more deadly against germs than hypochlorite and it is completely non-toxic, where hypochlorite has many known toxic side effects in the human body.

Hypochlorous acid does not contain any bleach NaOCl.

What is hydrogen peroxide?

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a clear liquid, slightly more viscous than water. It has strong oxidizing properties and is useful as a powerful bleaching agent and a disinfectant. Its disinfectant powers do not match that of hypochlorous acid. Hydrogen peroxide also has a toxic effect on living cells (cytotoxic).

Hypochlorous acid does not contain any peroxide.

What is ozone?

Ozone is a colorless, unstable, toxic gas with a pungent odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from oxygen by electrical discharges or ultraviolet light. It differs from normal oxygen (O2) in having three atoms in its molecule (O3).

Hypochlorous acid does not contain any ozone.

What is quaternary Ammonium?

Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure NR+4, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group

Hypochlorous acid does not contain any quats.

About bacteria, pathogens, germs, viruses, fungi, molds, spores & micro-organisms

Medical-grade hypochlorous acid can successfully eradicate biofilm and is a highly effective disinfectant against bacteria, viruses, pathogens, germs, bugs, spores, algae, yeast, mold and fungi.

However, as hypochlorous acid is the body’s natural defense mechanism, it does not kill normal bacteria (the good microbiome) responsible for the physiological processes of the human body.

What are Bacteria?

Bacteria are single-celled living organisms ubiquitous in every habitat on Earth.  They are both harmful and useful to the environment and animals, including humans.  Some bacteria act as pathogens and cause disease and illness.

What are anaerobic bacteria?

Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not require oxygen for growth. These bacteria cannot live or grow in the presence of oxygen.

What are aerobic bacteria?

Aerobic bacteria are bacteria that have an oxygen-based metabolism. Aerobes use oxygen to oxidize substrates (for example sugars and fats) in order to obtain energy.

What is a pathogen?

A pathogen or infectious agent is a biological agent that causes disease or illness to its host.  A pathogen can be a bacteria, a virus, fungi or a parasite.

What is a germ or bug?

A germ or bug is an informal term for a pathogen, particularly bacteria.

What is a virus?

A virus is a submicroscopic parasitic particle that infects cells in biological organisms. Examples of diseases caused by viruses include the common cold, smallpox, and HIV. Connections are being studied which may link viruses to neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis and chronic fatigue syndrome.

What are fungi?

A fungus (plural fungi) is an organism that digests its food externally and absorbs the nutrient molecules into its cells. Fungi occur in every environment on earth and play very important roles in most ecosystems. Some fungi are parasites on plants and animals, including humans. They are responsible for numerous diseases, such as athlete’s foot and ringworm in humans.

What is yeast?

Yeasts are single-celled fungi, a few species of which are commonly used to leaven bread and ferment alcoholic beverages. A few yeasts, such as Candida albicans, can cause infection in humans.

What is mold?

Molds, or mould, are various fungi that cover surfaces in the form of biofilm and usually produce masses of spores. Mold is often a problem in damp areas such as basements and bathrooms, and after floods. It can be seen on surfaces of walls but also grows deep within, and produces a distinctive dusty, slightly pungent smell. It grows on food in closed containers, even in refrigerators.

What are spores?

A spore is a reproductive mechanism that is adapted for dispersion and surviving for extended periods of time in unfavorable conditions.

What is a microorganism or a microbe?

A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is microscopic (invisible to the naked eye). Microorganisms are often illustrated using single-celled, or unicellular organisms.

What are algea?

Algae range from single-celled organisms to multi-cellular organisms, some with fairly complex differentiated forms and (if marine) called seaweeds. All algae have photosynthetic machinery ultimately derived from the cyanobacteria and produce oxygen as a by-product of photosynthesis.  Algae are usually found in damp places or bodies of water and thus are common in terrestrial as well as aquatic environments.

What is biofilm?

A biofilm is a complex aggregation of microorganisms marked by the excretion of a protective and adhesive slimy matrix. Biofilms can contain many different types of microorganisms, such as bacteria, protozoa and algae. Biofilms have been implicated in a wide variety of microbial infections in the body, including common problems such as urinary tract infections, catheter infections, middle ear infections, the formation of dental plaque, gingivitis (gum disease) and coatings on contact lenses. Biofilms cause the spread of infection through drinking water and are a major problem in wounds, where they protect the pathogens from attempts to kill the germs.

Have micro-organisms ever developed resistance against the use of Hypochlorous acid? 

Hypochlorous acid caused the eradication of disease-forming micro-organisms through a physical destruction of the germs, they cannot develop resistance against its use.

About toxicity, cytotoxicity, acute toxicity, chronic toxicity, genotoxicity

Hypochlorous acid proved not to be toxic to animals, insects and humans.  We have never tested our hypochlorous acid on animals but there are numerous published data that refer to the safety of hypochlorous acid in multiple animal studies.

What is toxicity?

Toxicity is a measure of the degree to which something is toxic or poisonous.

What is cytotoxicity?

Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells. Examples of toxic agents are a chemical substance or an immune cell.

What is genotoxicity?

Genotoxic substances are those chemical compounds capable of causing genetic mutation and of contributing to the development of tumors.

About using HOCl

What is spraying?

A spray is a phenomenon of a liquid in small droplets floating through the air.  Spraying is executed with the help of spraying pumps. Generally, spraying hypochlorous acid causes the skin to get wet.

What is soaking?

Soaking involves placing a hypochlorous acid-wetted surgical swab onto a wound for 10 – 15 minutes and allowing the wound to become saturated or permeated with hypochlorous acid.

What is rinsing?

Rinsing is accomplished by washing lightly with a domestic water source.

What is the pH of hypochlorous acid?

pH (potential of hydrogen) is a measure of the activity of hydrogen ions (H+) in a solution and, therefore, its acidity or alkalinity.  Most substances have a pH in the range of 0 to 14.  Aqueous solutions with pH values lower than 7 are considered acidic, while pH values higher than 7 are considered alkaline. A pH of 7 is considered to be pH neutral.

The pH of hypochlorous acid is 5.2 to 6.8. That is slightly acidic – one would not taste the acidity of hypochlorous acid. Hypochlorous acid is essentially tasteless and odorless.

Are there safety benefits to using hypochlorous acid?

Yes, using hypochlorous acid solutions eliminates chemical hazards.  According to the EPA, 27,000 hotel workers are injured by chemicals every year.  The California Department of Health conducted a study and they concluded that there is an increase in workplace asthma and other respiratory ailments that could be attributed to the use of chemical cleaners and sanitizers.  Hypochlorous acid does not irritate skin or the eyes and can be inhaled without any side-effect.

Is hypochlorous acid safe for use in children and pregnant or breastfeeding women?

Hypochlorous acid is completely safe for use on surfaces by people of all ages, as well as during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

How do I store my hypochlorous acid products?

It is important to always keep your products in the bottle they are supplied in, away from natural and artificial UV-light. Keep the product at room temperature and never mix your hypochlorous acid into or with any other products. Discard after the expiry date has been reached after FAC levels drop below 400 PPM.

How do I ensure the best result from using my hypochlorous acid product?

Always use products in accordance with the instructions that are printed on the label of the product, or that you can find by scanning the QR-code on the bottle or by visiting our website.